The Many Facets of Terpenes

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In our previous posts, we’ve discussed how the properties of cannabis can soothe the mind and body allowing us to feel relaxed and calm.  Much of these sensations are thanks to terpenes, an oil found inside the cannabis flower’s sticky glands, the same ones that also produce THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids. These wonderfully fragrant oils give cannabis its distinctive smell, ranging from pine to citrus and even floral flavours to name a few.

What makes these aromatically diverse oils special is their ability to interact synergistically with other cannabinoids like THC and CBD, making each compound its most effective state. By having a multitude of different compounds, scientists and medical researchers can manipulate the compounds to suite their patients needs. Doctors have dubbed this synergy between compounds ‘the entourage effect’.

While scientists have found more than 100 different types of terpenes, we’re covering the most noseworthy so you can be informed on what aromas you’d like to enjoy.

Common Cannabis Terpenes

Remember, always consult a medical professional before using cannabis as a form of a medical treatment.

Alpha-Pinene

Aroma: Pine

Vaporizes at: 155ºC (311ºF)

Potential Medical Value: According to a 2014 study, alpha-pinene administrated to patients showed a positive improvement of asthma. Another study from that year suggested that this terpene may have anti-inflammatory effects.  A study published in 2010 notes that a presence of α-pinene may be of potential interest for the management of inflammatory and neuropathic pain.

Potential Effects: Alertness, memory retention, sometimes counteracts some THC effects

Also Found in: Pine needles, rosemary, basil parsley, dill

 

Beta-Caryophyllene

Aroma: Spicy, peppery, woody, cloves

Vaporizes at: 130ºC (266ºF)

Potential Medical Value: This 2013 study highlighted that phytocannabinoids—especially CBD—when taken orally with caryophyllene may help treat chronic pain. 

Potential Effects: Stress relief

Also Found in: Cinnamon, cloves and black pepper

 

Humulene

Aroma: Woody, earthy, hops

Vaporizes at: 106ºC (222ºF)

Potential Medical Value: This 2009 study found that alpha-Humulene, given either orally or by aerosol, exhibited marked anti-inflammatory properties.

Potential Effects: Suppresses hunger

Also Found in: Cilantro, cloves, and basil

 

Limonene

Aroma: Citrus

Vaporizes at: 176ºC (348ºF)

Potential Medical Value: Research from this 2014 published in the Medical Chemistry Journal, showed that limonene may hold anti-inflammatory properties.

Potential Effects: elevated mood, used for stress relief

Also Found in: fruit rinds, peppermint, juniper berries and rosemary

 

Linalool

Aroma: Floral

Vaporizes at: 198ºC (388ºF)

Potential Medical Value:  This Phytomedicine study speaks to when linalool is administered topically, it was shown to inhibit the growth of candida and inhibit the spread of fungal cells and infections by blocking cell growth.

Potential Effects: Mood enhancement and sedation

Also Found in: Lavender

 

Myrcene

Aroma: Cardamom, cloves, earthy, musky, herbal

Vaporizes at: 167ºC (332ºF)

Potential Medical Value: This 2014 study showed that myrcene had strong antioxidant and radical scavenging properties. Another study found that myrcene presented sedative as well as motor relaxant effects, and recommended it be a suitable treatment for insomnia. Additionally, another study from the British Journal of Pharmacology also revealed that myrcene may act as a potential muscle relaxant.

Potential Effects: relaxing and sedating effect

Also Found in: Lemongrass, mango, thyme and hops.

To learn more about terpenes and the effects you desire, contact us.

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